Ethical Decision Making Model
Three components are required for ethical decision making: attitude, knowledge, and skill. The nurse must be able to recognize and respond to ethical dilemmas. The nurse must first understand the nature the nursing problem. Once the nursing issue is resolved, the nurse moves to ethical considerations (Harasym and 2013).
The skills component includes problem identification, information gathering, decision making, treatment planning, management and observation of clinical behavior. The context and individual factors that influence this final step, such as family support, conflicts, and available resources can all have an impact on it. The nurses make the best possible nursing interventions. This can be modified by factors like the preferences of patients or families and quality-of-life. The basis for justifications of nursing and ethical decisions is based on many factors, including probabilities, theory and principles, law, professional codes and beliefs, values and guidelines, as well as outcomes from comparable cases and past experiences. The model is a way to understand the ethics of reasoning (Harasym 2013). Nursing care requires sensitivity and an ability to deal with ethical issues. Employees can overlook the importance of ethical messages when they are bombarded with messages all the time. A leader who is committed to ethical principles can keep them in the loop by regularly contacting employees and sending them messages (Esmaelzadeh (2016)).
Ethical awareness is the ability to spot ethical issues, assess patients’ mental health, and consider ethical consequences of their decisions. Ethical sensitivity refers to paying attention to the ethical issues in conflict-laden situations, and being aware of your own responsibility and role in that situation. It is a predisposition to guide ethical decision-making.
Three different methods are used to determine and measure nursing ethics sensitivity. These include identification of ethical problems, recognition of rare characteristics and attitudes to issues like forced medication administration or restraints. Ethical sensibility requires nurses to be able to recognize the needs and interpretations of patients (Esmaelzadeh 2016).
It is possible to develop ethical sensitivity in nurses, which allows them to give ethical and effective care to patients. Ethical sensibility is crucial for nurses, who must be ethical care providers. This allows them to make ethical decisions in favor of the patient (Esmaelzadeh – 2016).